Colon cancer, for the uninitiated, is the cancer of large intestine, also called colon, or rectum. Known as colorectal cancer, colon cancer is the 2nd leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US. In this post, we will discuss some of the aspects worth knowing.
- Doctors don’t exactly know what causes colon and rectal cancer. Genetic factors are responsible in some cases, but not all. Risk factors include previous history of colon cancer, diabetes, obesity, race, chronic inflammatory diseases, low-fiber diet and sedentary lifestyle.
- It is now known that colon cancer is related to age. Most cases of colon cancer are recorded in people over the age of 50. This is the precise reason why every person should get screened for this.
- Certain races are more prone to colon cancer than others. People of African-American race should consider getting screened for colon conditions by the age of 45, and some people may need more screenings than others.
- Color cancer can be prevented and treated by early diagnosis. Depending on early diagnosis, almost 90% of patients survive colon cancer with right treat. Experts like Guru N Reddy always recommend patients to seek medical help if they have any abdominal concern that refuses to subside in like two to three days.
- Gender isn’t counted as a risk factor for colon cancer. Both men and women are at equal risk of the condition. While age can be a factor in majority of cases, colon cancer has been detected in young patients, as well, including those in their teens.
- Colonoscopy is usually used to detect colon cancer. In most cases of the condition, adenomatous polyps are to be blamed. Doctors may recommend colonoscopy to find and remove polyps. Blood tests can be recommended to know further things, including kidney and liver function.
- There are no specific symptoms that can be used as a verification for colorectal cancer. If you have rectal bleeding, blood in stool or sudden unexpected change in bowel movements for more than three weeks, see a doctor. Some patients can have abdominal pain and discomfort, while others often feel the need to urge to pass stool.
If you are at risk of colon cancer, do not delay in getting screened. When detected early, this can be easily treated. In case you had a previous history of cancer, not considering the type, talk to your doctor and find more if you need to get screened for colon cancer.